What Is Scoliosis?

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What Is Scoliosis

A bad posture is a type of position in which you stay in that posture for an extended amount of time, and this can affect the curvature of your spine, giving you a more hunched look.

However, some people have an “S” or “C” shaped spine not because they have bad posture but because they might have scoliosis.

Let’s check out the causes and symptoms of scoliosis to be well informed about the disease.

In simple terms, scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. Although 80% of scoliosis cases have no apparent cause, they can be diagnosed early in life, particularly in the first seven years. Scoliosis occurs due to genetic conditions, neurological abnormalities, and congenital disabilities.

Idiopathic scoliosis contains the majority of scoliosis cases, as these cases are without an unidentifiable cause. Idiopathic scoliosis divides into age groups such as adults (18+), adolescents (11-18), juveniles (4-10), and infants (0-3). In the above age groups, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common of all.

The other two types of scoliosis are neurological and congenital. In neurological scoliosis, the muscles in the spine are affected by nerve abnormalities. Congenital scoliosis is visible after birth as spinal deformities show themselves right after birth.

Scoliosis categorizes into nonstructural and structural. Nonstructural scoliosis has temporary spinal curves which can be fixed. In structural scoliosis, a congenital disability, an injury, or a disease can cause an abnormal spinal curve that is permanent.

Consider watching this video to know more about the causes of back pain…

Symptoms of scoliosis depend upon the severity of the disease. Common symptoms include back pain, breathing issues due to reduced volume for the expansion of lungs, a rotating spine, unequal hips, one shoulder blade that is lower than the other, or a shoulder blade that sticks out more than the other.

Scoliosis occurs due to spinal infections or injuries, congenital disabilities that affect an infant’s spine, muscle weakness by genetic disorders (muscular dystrophy), and cerebral palsy. This nervous system disorder affects thinking, hearing, sight, learning, and motility. Also, people with a family history of scoliosis and vagina have a greater chance of having scoliosis.

Bracing is used in spines with a curvature of 25 to 40 degrees, provided that the person is still growing. Braces reduce the curvature of the spine and have to be used if scoliosis is detected early in life. Also, the person has to wear them for 16 to 23 hours a day until they stop growing.

Another option is surgery. Surgery occurs on spines that have a curvature of more than 40 degrees. Rods are inserted into the spine to hold it straight with screws that hold the rods in place. However, there are risks in surgery, such as nerve damage, bleeding, and infection.

What did you learn about scoliosis from this video? Do you know anyone with this condition? Let us know about your views below, and share this video with your friends and family to make them aware of this condition.

Until Next Time,

Team Doctor ASKY!