Myocardial infarction or heart attack is a death of heart muscles due to the depletion of oxygen for a long time. Heart muscles require a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients carried out by arteries; if any of the arteries which bring oxygenated blood to the heart got blocked, it causes cardiac ischemia resulting in necrosis of heart tissue.
Consider watching this video to know more about how to prevent heart attacks….
The usual cause of blockage of the coronary artery can be thrombus (formation of a blood clot), which can be formed in the arteries already narrowed by fatty plaques buildup inside the walls of blood vessels this type of condition is known as atherosclerosis. You should look for your diet to prevent yourself from having atherosclerosis, bad cholesterol, saturated fats, trans fat contributed a lot in the formation of plaque and narrowing your arteries.
An artery can be blocked without the formation of thrombosis. When the supply of oxygen is lower than the demand for tissues, it can cause a heart attack, for example, in low blood pressure or if a person’s heart is beating too fast.
According to further researches, an inflammation of the coronary artery wall further increases the buildup of fatty plaques resulting in myocardial infarction. Not only this coronary artery spasm, where a temporary constriction of the coronary artery occurs can play a role in heart attack
Each coronary artery supplies oxygen and nutrients to a specific part of the heart; if an artery is blocked, a particular region of heart will be affected with depletion of oxygen and necrosis. Depending on the area and amount of heart muscled got affected, this malfunction can be interpreted that how much blood can heart still pumping. The chances of survival, the pattern of treatment all depends on the location and extent of the blockade.
One of the significant symptoms is chest pain if a person is having a severe chest pain tends to be focused on center or just below the rib cage and spreading to your left arm, neck, abdomen, lower jaw, its an indication of an attack. Rush into emergency before it’s too late.
Patients usually mistook their attack symptoms with indigestion because, in some cases, it comes with burning chest pain, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, fatigue. So, alarm yourself when you get any of the indications.
Many people do ask if they are prone to get a heart attack.
According to a study, a male is more suspected to get a heart attack than females because of some females’ hormones; they are slightly saved. But after age 50, they are on the same page because of menopause, which decreases the female hormones, estrogen. That may offer some protection against atherosclerosis.
Myocardial infarction can be easily diagnosed by EKG electrocardiogram, blood tests, or echocardiogram. When the heart muscle is damaged, some chemicals are released into the blood, indicating the damage of tissues, for example, troponin, which is very useful in diagnosis purposes.
Your medical history and family history is always essential for the diagnosis. You can prevent yourself from myocardial infarction even after having one of it by taking care of yourself and not using food that is unhealthy for your body.
It’s never too late until you are dead.
Until Next Time,
Team Doctor ASKY!