What Is Kidney Failure?

what is kidney failure?

Kidneys are a couple of red bean-shaped organs located on either side of the body in the abdominal cavity. They are about 5 inches in size, and do you know they weigh differently in males and females? Kidneys are an essential part of the human body, and if they malfunction, several other problems arise.

Kidneys are responsible for the filtration of your blood. They remove the toxins and send them towards the bladder, which then removes them from your body. If these toxins are not flushed out, they cause kidney failure and lead to further complications.

Symptoms relating to kidney failure are more than often, not very visible. They usually end up being ignored by most of the people. One of the most prominent symptoms is swollen feet and ankles. The water waste is retained and swells up the body. A considerably reduced amount of urine passed out of the body is another symptom of kidney failure. Fatigue, nausea, and drowsiness also point towards possible kidney failure. Shortness of breath and pain in the chest are a marker of failure of the kidney. Some extreme cases and worst conditions see seizures and coma, but most patients, by the time, have a diagnosis. The symptoms that appear early on are swelling, shortness of breath, and decreased urine output.

Consider watching this video to know more about 5 signs of kidney diseases….

Many factors can lead to kidney failure. With the onset of the fast-food trend, the world has seen an influx of obesity in every age group. This has led to an overwhelming increase in diabetes, which, today, is the leading cause of kidney failure. High blood pressure is the second leading cause of kidney failure. Loss of blood flow to kidneys suddenly due to reasons such as an allergic reaction, sepsis, heart attack, dehydration, or liver disease can lead to kidney failure. Kidney stones, which are small hard deposits of calcium or oxalate, can also result in kidney failure. They get lodged in the urinary bladder and are extremely painful. Blood clots in the urinary bladder also cause kidney failure. Some types of cancers, like prostate cancer in men, colon, and cervical cancer, block the pathway of urine and result in decreased urine, which is another indicator of kidney failure.

 Drugs and alcohol can aggravate an already existing condition that one may have with their kidneys. Alcohol especially makes the kidneys work harder and create pressure on other organs, with the liver being the most affected one.

There are five kinds of kidney failure. Acute intrinsic kidney failure results due to trauma to the kidney. Toxin overload or ischemia due to an accident can also cause kidney failure. Chronic intrinsic kidney failure happens due to long term kidney diseases. Acute prerenal kidney failure is caused due to a low blood supply and leads to a buildup of toxins in the blood. Its cure is possible, once the reason behind low blood flow is determined. Chronic prerenal kidney failure occurs over a long period during which the kidneys receive low blood flow and begin to shrink. Chronic post-renal kidney failure occurs due to a long period of blockage of the urinary tract. It causes permanent damage and created pressure on the kidneys as well.

Kidney failure progresses in 5 stages, which are as follows. Stage 1 is very mild, with next to no symptoms; however, the damage is present. Stage 2 means more damage to kidneys, and a considerable amount of protein in urine is detected. Stage 3 shows visible symptoms that need medication and cannot be controlled just by a healthy lifestyle. High blood pressure and swelling being the most prominent. Stage 4 shows anemia, high blood pressure, and bone disease. The last stage, 5th stage, requires dialysis. Symptoms are shortness of breath, itchy skin, and nausea.

A healthy lifestyle, even though hard, is hence crucial for your physical and mental well-being.

Until Next Time,

Team Doctor ASKY!

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