Calcium is a chemical element necessary for living organisms, including humans. It is the most abundant mineral in the body and is vital for health. Most calcium is present in teeth and bones. Nerve cells, body tissues, blood, and other body fluids contain the remaining calcium. In this article we will discuss about the importance of calcium for human body .
It can be found in almost all bones in the body. Its function is to help bones stay healthy and firm enough to support the body’s weight. When needed, the body can take advantage of these calcium stores in the bones and use it elsewhere, such as blood circulation and soft tissues.
Calcium is a cofactor for many enzymes; this means that without calcium, these important enzymes cannot work efficiently. Calcium affects the smooth muscle surrounding the blood vessels, causing it to relax.
Bone remodeling is a continuous process in which bone is broken down, and calcium is replaced by lost bone matter. However, when the quantity of calcium in the bloodstream is too low, the calcium stored in the bones breaks down and is used in the blood. It can lead to depletion of calcium in bones, a process that can last for years.
The importance of calcium includes managing heartbeat. Calcium regulates muscle contraction, including heartbeat. When a nerve stimulates a tissue, calcium is released; It helps muscle proteins to contract. The muscle relaxes only after pumping calcium from the meat.
Calcium plays a crucial role in normal blood coagulation (clotting). The coagulation process consists of several steps; It contains a lot of chemicals. Calcium plays a role in many of these steps.
Increasing calcium for a limited time usually does not cause side effects. However, taking higher amounts of calcium over an extended period of time increases the likelihood of kidney stones in some people.
Those who do not get enough calcium for a long time may develop osteoporosis. Other disorders are possible. It can result from poor diet, decreased calcium absorption, or increased calcium excretion. The body’s calcium stores can be consumed through hair, skin, nails, sweat, feces, and urine. Also, calcium can only be absorbed in the digestive system if there is enough vitamin D in the body.
When calcium levels in the body drop too low, bones need to supply calcium to tissues and fluids so normal biological functions can continue. As a result, calcium deficiency can weaken bones, which increases the risk of fractures and increases the risk of osteoporosis. Usually, a person will not experience symptoms of calcium deficiency, while the body will consume calcium stores in the bones. Decreased levels of calcium in the blood are known as hypocalcemia, often not caused by a calcium deficiency in the diet, but are the result of other medical conditions or drug use. In extreme cases, hypocalcemia can cause abnormal heart rhythms and even be fatal.
Now you know the Importance of Calcium. Go and get your calcium levels checked today for a healthier you!