A brain stroke is triggered when the supply of blood to the part of the brain is partially blocked or interrupted, depriving the brain of oxygen and nutrition. As a result of this deprivation, brain tissue starts to die of starvation within minutes. Brain strokes need to be diagnosed as quickly as possible in order to minimize brain damage and increase the chances of survival. Brain stroke results in many physical and mental challenges such as paralysis, weakness, impaired speech, and trouble thinking. Although some patients show improvement months and years after the stroke.
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The brain strokes are of different types and require different treatment and recovery time
Ischemic strokes are caused by arteries narrowed or blocked, and It’s the most common type of stroke, accounting for 87% of all strokes. so treatment involves removal of the clot restoring a sufficient flow of blood to the brain.
Hemorrhagic strokes are caused as a result of leakage of blood into the brain, so treatment focuses on controlling the bleeding and lessening the pressure on the brain.
Recovering from a brain stroke
Each stroke patient has a different set of challenges. Physical challenges include partial or complete paralysis of the body, joint dislocation, and nerve problems. The patient may experience difficulty in bladder and bowel control. The psychological challenges include loss of memory and a distorted pattern of thinking. Many stroke patients also have problems with proper sexual function in life after stroke.
For quick recovery patients require proper post-stroke care and rehabilitation. The process of rehabilitation starts at the hospital, which involves proper medication and medical attention from the hospital’s staff. Afterward based on the symptoms hospital decides whether a patient should go home or rehabilitation center.
The brain stroke patient requires proper medical attention even after getting discharged from the hospital. This is where rehabilitation center comes into action, it includes speech, physical and occupational therapies. Therapy and medicine may help to tackle mental health conditions following a stroke. Joining a patient support group may help you adjust to post-stroke life. Love and support from family and friends can also help relieve depression and anxiety following a stroke.
Many stroke victims experience speech problems for months and years after the stroke this condition is called aphasia. Let your loved ones know about your feelings and what they can do to help you.
Work towards goals
The doctor’s team then works closely with the stroke patient and family to develop a rehabilitation plan and set goals. Suppose if the patient is experiencing paralysis of legs after the stroke, the doctors will set a strategy to make the patient walk again. Each therapist has a different strategy, speech therapist works on patients communication.
Preventing another stroke
Knowing the underlying cause of the stroke is crucial to prevent another one. Certain traits and lifestyle choices enhance the chance of having a stroke. Although some risk factors can’t be controlled, most can be managed.
Change your lifestyle
You can reduce many of the risk factors you may have by the personal choices you make each day. Such as quit smoking and avoid second-hand smoke. Exercise can help you control weight, cholesterol, blood pressure and diabetes. Follow a healthy diet plan that includes fruits and vegetables, whole-grains. If you drink alcohol, limit it.
A brain stroke is nothing to be taken lightly. It’s a medical emergency and every second is crucial.
Until Next Time,
Team Doctor ASKY!