Hypertension is all about your arteries. Usually, the vessels that carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body have a smooth inner lining. They’re strong and versatile to push blood through your body.
Consider watching this video to know about the effects of hypertension….
If the pressure doesn’t go down, it can tear the lining, so it’s not smooth anymore. That’s where bad cholesterol LDL gets caught and deposit. Blood can’t move well around these clogs and blocked arteries. These deposits can also make the walls stiff, so it’s harder to move the blood. It increases the workload of your circulatory system while decreasing its efficiency.
As a result, high blood pressure puts you at greater risk for developing life-changing and potentially life-threating conditions. People with high blood pressure have a weird feeling like their heart is pounding, dizziness, and lightheadedness.
High blood pressure can damage arteries that prevent blood flow to the heart muscle. The increased workload from high blood pressure can cause the heart to enlarge and fail to supply blood to the body. Arteries that are narrowed and damaged by high blood pressure have trouble supplying blood to your heart, leading to angina and arrhythmias.
High blood pressure can cause blood vessels in the brain to clog more quickly or even burst to lead to stroke. The lack of oxygen and nutrients deprived the part of a brain, causing brain cells to die.
Over time, the constant pressure of blood moving through a weakened artery can cause a section of its wall to enlarge and form a bulge known as an aneurysm. An aneurysm can potentially rupture and cause life-threatening internal bleeding. Aneurysms can form in any artery, but they’re most common in your body’s largest artery. Narrowed or blocked arteries can limit blood flow to the brain, leading to a certain type of dementia (vascular dementia). A stroke that interrupts blood flow to the brain can also cause vascular dementia.
Like the brain and heart, arteries in the lungs can be damaged and blocked. When the artery that carries blood to your lungs gets blocked, it’s called a pulmonary embolism. It is severe and requires immediate medical attention.
High blood pressure can also damage the retina or optic nerve leading to blurred vision and sometimes complete loss of vision. It can also lead to erectile dysfunction in men or lower libido in women because of less flow of blood to organs
Kidney damage occurs when tiny blood vessels within the kidney become scarred and unable to filter fluid and waste from your blood effectively. Glomerulosclerosis can lead to kidney failure.
High blood pressure can cause osteoporosis, which is bone loss, by increasing the amount of calcium your body gets rid of when you urinate. Women who have already gone through menopause are especially at risk of osteoporosis
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that causes breathing interruptions and loud snoring during sleep. People with sleep apnea often don’t feel rested when they wake up in the morning. Research has linked the condition to high blood pressure since many people who are diagnosed with sleep apnea also have high blood pressure.
We have seen what hypertension can do to your body, but every disease has its cure and management. You can find the management in our videos.
Until Next Time,
Team Doctor ASKY!