Arthritis is defined as joint inflammation and is characterized by stiff, swollen and painful joints. The ailment not only affects joints but also the surrounding cartilage and ligaments. Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and psoriatic arthritis are some examples.
Consider watching this video to know more about what is arthritis….
Here are five proven ways to manage the disease
1. Weight loss.
Obesity is known to worsen arthritis symptoms and pain. The excess weight exerts extra pressure on weight-bearing joints such as the knee joint and hip joint, causing severe discomfort. Secondly, due to the accumulation of unwanted adipose tissues in the body, the production of inflammatory mediators is increased which adversely affects the tissues surrounding the joints. According to a study conducted in 2013, arthritis patients who lost weight by a combination of exercise and a healthier diet over a period of eighteen months noticed significant signs of recovery and reduced knee pain. Weight loss has also been linked to improved joint function.
Incorporating exercises such as knee stretches can greatly enhance musculoskeletal function. According to orthopedics, physical activity involving the affected joints helps ease the pain and stiffness along with escalating joint mobility. A better range of motion is also provided to the body, combating the threat of immobility arthritis tries to give the patient. Resistance training, helps build muscle strength while aerobic exercises such as walking, swimming, bicycling enhance endurance and balance of the body. With firmer muscles around joints, the risk of bone weakening and joint immobility is further reduced. Doctors recommend an exercise regime for pain relief, diminished joint inflammation and prevention of cartilage damage from arthritis.
3. Avoid mechanical stress.
Tasks that put extra stress on your joints can worsen osteoarthritis by causing the joints to wear down at a faster rate. Avoid movements or positions that exert extra pressure on your joints as this can result in weakening of ligaments and a decline in joint flexibility. A mechanical injury, such as a bone fracture, poses a greater risk of joint dislocation, during which an abnormal separation occurs between bones. Statistics reveals that around forty-five percent cases of severe shoulder joint dislocation ultimately develop into shoulder osteoarthritis. Arthritis patients are often advised to use labor-saving items and make some home modifications to protect their vulnerable joints from mechanical stress.
4. The right diet.
Certain food choices can help fight inflammation and strengthens bones. Anti-inflammatory foods such as berries, fatty fish, and nuts can improve joint swelling and pain. Low-fat dairy products that are rich in Vitamin D and calcium are excellent sources to improve bone strength and promote enhanced bone density. Vegetables rich in vitamin C and K, such as broccoli, are known to reduce the progression of osteoarthritis. Sources of protein such as beans and legumes promote synthesis of tendons, ligaments and stronger muscles, improving overall joint health. Fruits and vegetables loaded with antioxidants help reduce inflammatory markers in the blood.
5. Quit smoking and alcohol.
A recent study shows that cigarette smoking triggers genetic reactions on a cellular level that increase the blood levels of rheumatoid factor, which is a major marker for the presence of rheumatoid arthritis. Furthermore, past and current smokers are more prone to suffer joint deterioration due to damage of articular cartilage caused by tobacco and other hazardous chemicals present in cigarette smoke. Excessive alcohol consumption stimulates the production of more inflammatory mediators in the body, worsening arthritis. It also hinders the effect of arthritis medication. Since alcohol contains unwanted calories and sugar, it may lead to weight gain, causing severity of arthritis pain and symptoms.
Manage arthritis by these effective tips.
Until Next Time,
Team Doctor ASKY!