Diabetes and heart diseases usually go side by side. But yes, diabetic patients have higher risks of having heart attacks, high blood pressure, and strokes. As people with diabetes have higher sugar levels in their blood which may affect their various body parts including the blood vessels too. The vascular problems may arise which lead to poor blood circulation to distant body parts such as legs and feet. Unfortunately, these problems keep going unnoticed and may start at an early age.
The risks of developing diabetes and related heart disease are very common below the age of thirty. There are two types of diabetes: Type I Diabetes and Type II Diabetes.
Type I Diabetes:
It is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. It is an autoimmune disorder where the body attacks its insulin-producing cells in pancreas thus resulting in low levels of insulin or no insulin at all.
Type II Diabetes:
It is known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. It is an outcome of body’s inability to produce enough insulin to regulate the blood glucose level or no insulin at all.
The American Diabetic Association (ADA) has recommended the early diagnosis, treatment, and management of the disease to prevent various risk factors for the disease.
Those suffering from diabetes and various heart diseases also feel various changes in their blood vessels as the lining of their vessels get thickened and does not have consistent blood flow. The blood vessels may also get damaged in other body parts too due to diabetes leading to kidney failure, eye problems, numbness in legs and feet due to poor blood circulation.
Heart diseases are two to four times more common in adults with diabetes as compared to those without diabetes. The diabetic patients also have twice the risks of suffering from strokes. It has been reported that diabetic patients have 73% higher risks of high blood pressure and heart attacks at an early age.
The most common symptoms of heart diseases may include chest pain, shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, and swollen ankles. However, the symptoms may vary from person to person. The symptoms may also confuse the one with other diseases so you must seek a medical advice instantly for proper diagnosis.
It may be alarming to know that heart disease may also occur to any person who might be taking complete self-care. So, the physicians will determine a proper check-up depending on age, medical history and overall health status of a patient coming to them. The treatment may also be based on the extent of disease and tolerance of the patient to particular therapies and medications as well.
When a person has eliminated the risks of diabetes, the risks of developing heart diseases also decrease eventually. One must take care of his health keeping his blood sugar levels under proper check-up to avoid any risks of diabetes or heart disease.
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